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Myra Alexandra 'Lexie' MC CLELLAND

Rank Reg/Ser No DOB Enlisted Discharge/Death Board
Nurse / Sister 33y2m 5 May 1915 26 May 1919 4

Sister Lexie “Maria” Alexandra “Lexie” McClelland   (1881 – 1962)


Maria Alexandra “Lexie” McClelland was born in Central Queensland and educated in Rockhampton.  She enlisted in Brisbane in 1915 with the Australian Imperial Forces (AIF) for overseas service at the age of 33 under the name of Lexie Alexandra McClelland.

Maria was a Registered Nurse and served at the 1st AGH (Australian General Hospital) in Heliopolis until 1916 when she returned to Australia by troop transport ship.  She later embarked again for overseas service finding herself in France, England and Italy.  

After the war Maria told somewhat frightening stories of her time at a hospital in France where every night for a week the Germans bombed the area in the hope of destroying a fuel supply which was stored close to the hospital.

Maria’s link to Saint Andrew’s Presbyterian Church in Brisbane (resulting in her name appearing on the honour board) has not as yet been established.  This could possibly be attributed to her strong Presbyterian roots and close working relationship with others on the boards.

Family history and early life

Maria Alexandra McClelland was born at Stanwell, 23km south west of Rockhampton, on 22 April 1881, the eldest daughter of Lowry and Frances “Fanny” (nee Ferguson) McClelland.   While her close family called her “Lexie” she is also recorded in most formal documents as Lexie rarely using her given name of Maria.  (To avoid confusion, however, she will be referred to as "Lexie" throughout this story.)

Lexie’s parents, Lowry and Fanny McClelland were both born in Northern Ireland.  Lowry was born on 4 June 1856 in Antrim; Fanny Ferguson was born in Cookstown, Tyrone on 23 June 1861.   Lowry sailed to Australia on board the Saraca departing from Greenock, Scotland in 1877 and arriving in Maryborough on 14 December 1877.  Lowry McClelland was 22 years of age.

Two years later, Lexie's mother to be, Fanny Ferguson then aged 17 years, sailed with her family from London on board the Scottish Hero.   This ship arrived in Maryborough on 5 April 1879.   

Lexie’s parents, Lowry (23) and Fanny (18) married in Rockhampton on 28 April 1880.  Lexie was their first-born child in 1881 followed by her eight siblings Elizabeth Jane (1882-1968), Frances May (1883-1980), Annie Amelia (1885-1970), John Lowry (1887-1969), Beatrice Victoria (1888-1969), Florence Isabella May (1891-1891), James Ferguson (1894-1960) and Hester Maud (1896-1933).   

After his marriage, and ten years after arriving in Australia, Lowry applied for an agricultural farm through the Lands Court and on 15 October 1887 it was announced that he had been granted 160 acres at Stanwell.

Lexie’s brothers, John Lowry McClelland and James Ferguson McClelland, both served with the Australian Imperial Force (AIF) during WW1.   John Lowry served with the 11th Australian Light Horse and James Ferguson with the 1st Australian General Hospital and then 1st Field Ambulance.

Education, Training and Occupation

Lexie was educated in Rockhampton and trained as a nurse at the Mount Morgan District Hospital.  She is mentioned in the Minutes of the Mount Morgan Hospital Meetings in 1903 and in 1904 when she is described as helping to decorate the wards for Christmas.   She completed four years training, attaining her Medical & Surgery Certificate and later her Midwifery Certificate.  She was a member of the Australian Trained Nurses Association (ATNA). 

Lexie was statuesque, being 172.7cm tall.  This can be seen in a 1907 family portrait taken at her sister’s wedding (Annie Amelia to Hans Christian Duus) which includes Lexie with her parents, the bride and groom and attendants.

Matron of the Rockhampton Children’s Hospital

After her training, Lexie commenced duty on 14 April 1908 as Head Nurse at the Rockhampton Children’s Hospital.   Her appointment is recorded in the Hospital Meeting Minutes.   In September 1908 she was Acting Matron and a subsequent entry in the Hospital Minutes of 14 November 1911 records her as being Matron.  In the Electoral Rolls of 1909 she is also recorded as working as a Nurse at the O.K. Mines at Chillagoe, North Queensland.

Lexie tendered her resignation from the Rockhampton Children’s Hospital on 12 November 1912 and asked to be relieved of duties as soon as possible.  While Lexie was working there, her mother, Fanny, died at Mount Morgan on 14 June 1912.

Matron Lexie McClelland’s retirement was recorded in the Rockhampton paper The Capricornian on Saturday 23 November 1912 and the article read as follows:

“Miss M. A. McClelland, retiring Matron of the Rockhampton Children’s Hospital, was on Saturday night the recipient of a silver-mounted double inkstand and a beautifully bound copy of Wordsworth’s poetical works from the nursing staff and a very useful and suitable present from the kitchen staff in token of the esteem in which she was held.  All joined in best wishes for her welfare.  Miss McClelland will leave early next month to take up private nursing in the south.”

A further article in The Capricornian on Saturday, 30 November 1912, refers to her taking up private nursing in Newcastle, New South Wales.  Another nurse, Miss Campbell, referred to in the same article, is Miss Beryl Campbell, also listed on the Saint Andrew’s honour boards.

After working in private nursing for a period prior to the outbreak of the war, Lexie moved to New Farm, Brisbane.   She joined the Australian Army Nursing Service1 on 1 May 1915 giving her home address at New Farm.  


(Note: There are conflicting records for Lexie’s date of enlistment and service overseas.  The Nominal Roll lists it as the 5 May 1915 with embarkation to Egypt aboard the HMAT Mooltan on 15 May 1915.  However, other records report her embarking on RMS Morea from Sydney on 21 August 1915.

A second enlistment date for Lexie is shown on her Attestation Papers held at the National Archives of Australia (NAA).  They show her enlistment date as 14 June 1915, but her embarkation on the Mooltan for Egypt in these records is shown as May 1915.   It appears that some of these documents are incomplete and possibly completed at a later date “for the record”.  Some side notes on her record state:   “Not certain of these 3 entries are for M. A. McLelland or M. A. McClelland.  No papers for McLelland”.  A later entry on 26 March 1917 states “Identity established” some three weeks after her admission to hospital in London on 2 March 1917. 

The 5 May 1915 enlistment may be correct as Owen Wildman also reports it in the book called Queenslanders who fought in the Great War and it appears that the information for the book may have come from subject interviews.)

Thus, Lexie McClelland, as best as can be established, enlisted with the Australian Imperial Force (AIF) as a staff nurse at Brisbane on 5 May 1915.  She is recorded on her Attestation Papers as being 33 years of age, living at Kangaroo Point and with her father (Lowry McClelland, Crown Street, Mount Morgan) as her next of kin (NOK).

In her enlistment papers, Lexie was described as being 5’ 8” tall (172.7cm), quite tall as described earlier, with medium complexion, brown eyes and dark brown hair.   Her religion was given as Presbyterian.  


Lexie McClelland embarked as one of the Special Reinforcements for the 1st Australian General Hospital (AGH) on 15 May 1915 onboard the HMAT Mooltan.   The information provided in the book Queenslanders who fought in the Great War by Owen Wildman shows that Sister McClelland was part of the Special Reinforcements which arrived in Egypt on 10th June 1915, reporting to the 1AGH at Heliopolis where she worked until 26 March 1916.

1st Australian General Hospital (1AGH)

The 1AGH was formed in Queensland in August 1914 with the first staff departing from Brisbane aboard the Kyarra 21 November 1914.  The branches of this hospital for the duration of the war were:

1 AGH Heliopolis, Egypt.

This hospital expanded rapidly during the Gallipoli campaign and its auxiliary branches were located in various buildings in Cairo including Luna Park, The Atelier and the Sporting Club.  It dealt with all war cases – physical injuries, diseases such as dysentery and shell shock.

1 AGH in Rouen, France.

This hospital was a large tented hospital, and most of the patients were battle casualties.   It came to specialise in the treatment of fractures.  This hospital experienced many air raids.   Towards the end of the war there were outbreaks of influenza.  When the armistice was signed, the staff barely found time to celebrate.  They were too busy treating the influenza victims who continued to arrive through November.

1 AGH Sutton Veny, England

There wasn’t a specific role for the 1AGH at Sutton Veny.  It was the last Australian hospital open in Europe and became a holding place for any remaining patients and staff in 1919 while they were waiting to return to Australia.

There is a gap in Lexie’s service records from the time she arrived in Egypt on 10 June 1915 until the next entry of 19 March 1916 when she was on hospital transport duty to Australia per Demosthenes by authority of Matron in charge, of Administration Headquarters, London.   (A Defence Memo #32660 of 7 April 1916 of Medical Board Proceedings may shed light on this but at this time are unavailable for perusal.)

Second enlistment and service overseas

After Lexie’s return to Australia, she served with the No. 6 Australian General Hospital (6AGH) at Kangaroo Point, Brisbane.  It appears that she re-enlisted although there are no known records of her being deregistered.    This record, held with the National Archives of Australia (NAA) and shown in the Nominal Roll (P10590618), is dated 16 August 1916 in Brisbane.  Lexie was then 35 years of age and living at Kangaroo Point.   She embarked on the hospital ship HMAT Karoola attached to the 14th Australian General Hospital (14 AGH) at Abbassia.  She departed from Melbourne on 19 August 1916, disembarking at Suez on 20 September 1916.   (The 14 AGH also had locations at Abbassia, Cairo and Port Said, in Egypt.)

On 16 January 1917, Lexie was “struck off strength” and transferred to the Hospital Ship Essequibo arriving in England on 27 January ex Alexandria.  It seems that Lexie was “lent” to the British in 1917.  Throughout this year and into 1918 Lexie was plagued by illness.  

On 8 February 1917, Lexie embarked in London for service with the “RAMC Section of 3rd Echelon, General Headquarters” at Rouen, France.  She fell ill and was transferred to the 2nd British General Hospital (2BGH) in Le Havre, France with measles on 2 March 1917.  She rejoined the 2BGH on 9 March but was admitted to 1st British General Hospital (1BGH) in Etretat, France on 14 March being discharged to back to duty on 19 March.   On 14 April, Lexie was once again admitted to hospital, this time with debility. 

Lexie took 14 days leave in the UK from the 24 June 1917 following which she returned to France, joining the British 38th Stationary Hospital (38BSH) in Calais, France.   On 24 July 1917, she was admitted to the 14 AGH in Egypt this time with gastroenteritis but she returned to duty the next day. 

Promoted to Sister

On 1 September 1917, Lexie was promoted to Sister by AIF Orders (List No 225) enabling her to return to France and “to complete establishment of 38th Stationary Hospital” in France.   The British 38th Stationary Hospital (38BSH) was a smaller hospital generally based in forward areas and which changed locations on the Western Front.  From July 1917 until November 1917 it was situated in Calais, France.  The 38SH situated at Chateau-Boursot, Calais was also used as a Sick Sisters’ Hospital and was attached to the British 35th General Hospital (35BGH)

From November 1917 until February 1918, Lexie was posted back and forward between the 38BSH in France and the 25BSH (which had been moved to Genoa, Italy).   The 9 February 1918 saw Lexie back in 2GH in Boulogne, France, again admitted due to illness.  She returned to the 38th BSH and in April was posted for duty to the British 24th Casual Clearing Station (24CCS) in Italy, returning to the 38SH on 22 June until 6 July 1919 when she reported for duty at the British 9CCS at Lillers, France.   She again returned to the 38BSH in Italy on 22 August 1918.

In early 1919 Lexie proceeded from 38BSH in Italy to the UK disembarking in Southampton on 21 January and reporting to the (HQ AIF) Australian Headquarters, London.  From 23 January Lexie served at the 3rd Australian Auxiliary Hospital (3AAH), Dartford, London and was detached from duty on 24 February 1919.

Lexie embarked for Australia on 25 February 1919 aboard the Balmoral Castle. The ship departed from Liverpool and Lexie disembarked in Brisbane, Australia on 13 April 1919.


Lexie was discharged from duty on 26 May 1919.  She was awarded the 1914-18 Star (#33337), the British War Medal (#3645) and the Victory Medal (#3578).

Post War and marriage

The 1919 Queensland Electoral Rolls show Lexie McClelland living and working as a nurse at the No. 17 AGH at Enoggera.

The engagement announcement of Lexie McClelland and James ‘Dundee’ Aitken of Mount Morgan was published in the Brisbane Courier of 5 February 1921.   In the announcement, Lexie is referred to as “Lexie”, the name her family used.   Dundee and Lexie were married a month later on the 7 March 1921 in Rockhampton.

Lexie’s husband, James Dundee Aitken (who was called Dundee) was born in Dundee, Forfarshire, Scotland.  He arrived in Brisbane with his parents aboard the Chyebassa at the age of 12 years on 14 October 1887.  He was listed as a ‘blacksmith” in 1903 electoral rolls and was living at the Mount Morgan Presbyterian Manse.   From 1913-1919 his address was recorded as D’Arcy Street, Mount Morgan.   

Lexie and Dundee lived at D’Arcy Street for all their lives.  Dundee died on 16 February 1949 at the age of 74 years.  

J. Dundee Aitken’s obituary tells of a very popular man, a very old resident of Mount Morgan whose father, Allan Aitken, was the foreman engineer of the crusher of the Mount Morgan Gold Mining Company.  Dundee was apprenticed to his father’s trade with the Mine but, after it closed, around 1925, he moved with his mates to the Rockhampton railway workshops. 

Dundee later returned to Mount Morgan where he was a great lover of sports.  A footballer and referee, honorary secretary of the Mount Morgan Football Union for 21 years, an auditor of the Mount Morgan Hospital for 23 years and a keen member of the Masonic Lodge for 21 years.  He was exempted from serving during the war but assisted in all public functions to raise funds for the Red Cross and other patriotic bodies.

Lexie was involved in many activities in Mount Morgan and was Secretary of the Presbyterian Women’s Guild in 1938.  During the Second World War she was a member of the Mount Morgan Branch of the Comforts Fund.

Lexie continued to live at D’Arcy Street, Mount Morgan until 1958 when she died on 31 August 1962 aged 81 years.  She is buried in the Presbyterian Section of the Mount Morgan Cemetery.   Lexie and James did not have children.

1. The Australian Army Nursing Service (AANS) was inaugurated in 1903 at a time when war was not dreamt of.  Hundreds of applications were received and a privileged few selected to hold themselves in readiness to be called out in any national emergency.  An allowance of one pound per annum was paid to each member of the service.  Members provided their own uniforms.  Four parades were held annually and attendance was compulsory.  The years passed and, when war was declared on 4 August 1914, Australia had a permanent Military Nursing Service on which to call. 

Select Bibliography
• Wildman, Owen. Queenslanders who fought in the Great War, Page 134, Published 1919, National Library of Australia, nla.obj-28628548.  Link:
• National Archives of Australia (NAA), Passenger Records of the Saraca, Page 1449
• National Archives of Australia, Discovering Anzacs –, Service records, Series B2455, Barcode 1939752
• J. C. Smith Collection, Fryer Library, University of Queensland, Chillalgoe Hospital – sourced through Queensland Places – online:
• ScarletFinders –  Information regarding Australian Nurses and Hospitals in WW1
• Australian Country Hospital Heritage Association Inc., - Historical information, Minutes of Meeting records  and images courtesy of Errol Payne and Ashley Reid (ACHHA) with respect to Mount Morgan Hospital, Chillalgoe Hospital and Rockhampton Children’s Hospital.
• John Oxley Library, State Library Queensland: images where cited
• Australian Nurses in WW1 –
• – Registers of Birth,  Marriage and Death, Census & Voter Lists, Immigration & Travel, Military Records.
• Duus, Kenneth L., A Duus family history: before and after, Duus/McClelland Family Wedding portrait.   Link:
• Australian War Memorial (AWM), images were cited in the gallery  
• National Archives of Australia, Trove, Digitised newspapers as listed below
o The Brisbane Courier, 5 Feb 1921, Page 4; 5 Feb 1921, Page 4;
o The Capricornian, (Rockhampton) 30 Nov 1912, Page 36;  23 Nov 1912, Page 33
o The Evening Telegraph (Charters Towers) 21 Feb 1917, Page 5
o The Morning Bulletin (Rockhampton), 24 May 1919, Page 10; 1 Sep 1938, Page 11; 23 Feb 1949, Page 3.

Many thanks to Sandra Hass who provided additional information about Lexie.  Sandra's grandmother, Annie Amelia Duus (nee McClelland) and Lexie were sisters. (The wedding party with Annie and Lexie is in the photo gallery.)
Additional information about the McClelland, Duus, Bull, Boyd and Brisbin Families who served in WW1 has been provided by Sandra Hass:
Lexie’s brothers, John Lowry (11th Light Horse, later 2nd Light Horse), and James Ferguson, served in World War 1 (see the photo gallery), as did her brother-in-law, Hans Christian Duus, cousins Robert Charles Bull (15th Battalion, Infantry, AIF), Henry James Bull (9th Battalion, Gallipoli), John McClelland Boyd (Australian Light Horse, Gallipoli, awarded Military Cross), Norman Boyd, (3rd Reinforcement, 15th Battalian, 4th Infantry, later transferred to 5th Light Horse, then 4th Field Ambulance), and Lowry McClelland Brisbin, who was killed at Gallipoli. The Bulls and the Boyds were brothers.

Researched and written by Miriam King, Brisbane.  February 2018 ©  Revised October 2018 ©



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